KEMENTERIAN LINGKUNGAN HIDUP

REPUBLIK INDONESIA

SUMMARY OF THE FOURTEENTH CONFERENCE OF PARTIES TO
THE UN FRAMEWORK CONVENTION ON CLIMATE CHANGE AND FOURTH MEETING OF PARTIES TO
THE KYOTO
PROTOCOL

1-12 DECEMBER 2008

 

 

The United Nations Climate
Change Conference in Poznań,
Poland
, was
held from 1-12 December 2008. The conference involved a series of events,
including the fourteenth Conference of the Parties (COP 14) to the UN Framework
Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and fourth Conference of the Parties
serving as the Meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol (COP/MOP 4).

In support of these two main bodies, four
subsidiary bodies convened: the fourth session of the Ad Hoc
Working Group on Long-term Cooperative Action under the Convention (AWG-LCA 4);
the resumed sixth session of the Ad Hoc Working
Group on Further Commitments for Annex I Parties under the Kyoto Protocol
(AWG-KP 6); and the twenty-ninth sessions of the Subsidiary Body for
Implementation (SBI 29) and Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological
Advice (SBSTA 29).

These events drew over 9250 participants,
including almost 4000 government officials, 4500 representatives of UN bodies
and agencies, intergovernmental organizations and non-governmental
organizations, and more than 800 accredited members of the media.

These meetings resulted in the adoption of
COP decisions, COP/MOP decisions and a number of conclusions by the subsidiary
bodies. These outcomes covered a wide range of topics, including the Adaptation
Fund under the Kyoto Protocol, the 2009 work programmes of the AWG-LCA and
AWG-KP, and outcomes on technology transfer, the Clean Development Mechanism
(CDM), capacity building, national communications, financial and administrative
matters, and various methodological issues.

The main focus in Poznań, however, was on long-term cooperation
and the post-2012 period, when the Kyoto Protocol’s first commitment period
expires. In December 2007, negotiators meeting in Bali
had approved the Bali Action Plan and Roadmap setting COP 15 in December 2009
as the deadline for agreeing on a framework for action after 2012. Poznań therefore marked
the halfway mark towards the December 2009 deadline. While the Poznań
negotiations did result in some progress, there were no significant breakthroughs,
and negotiators face a hectic 12 months of talks leading up to the critical
deadline of December 2009 in Copenhagen,
Denmark
.

This report summarizes the discussions,
decisions and conclusions based on the agendas of the COP, COP/MOP and the
subsidiary bodies. It includes sections on the COP and COP/MOP, also covering
the reports of the SBI and SBSTA (which contribute to the COP and COP/MOP’s
work). It also includes separate sections on the AWG-KP and the AWG-LCA, which
focused on work under the Bali Roadmap and Action Plan.

A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE UNFCCC AND
THE KYOTO
PROTOCOL

The international political response to
climate change began with the adoption of the UNFCCC in 1992. The UN Framework
Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) sets out a framework for action aimed at
stabilizing atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases to avoid “dangerous
anthropogenic interference