Indonesian environmentalist activity – world wide concerns
John A MacDougall
Environmentalist activity in Indonesia these days exemplifies worldwide concerns. So worldwide portals like Earth Trends (http://earthtrends.wri.org) provide neat conceptual categories to help grasp broader patterns behind daily headlines. Hold your cursor over each of the ten environmental issues at the top. Then hit ‘Country Profiles’ each time it appears. Then click on ‘Indonesia’ to get ten Indonesia-specific factsheets, one for each issue.
Eco-Portal (http://www.environmentalsustainability.info) is a valuable specialised worldwide site which focuses on environmental sustainability. It is part of a portal family including Forest Conservation (http://forests.org), ClimateArk (http://www.climateark.org), and Water Conserve (http://www.waterconserve.info).
InfoMine (http://www.infomine.com) does a comparable job for mining issues. Hit ‘Countries,’ then ‘Indonesia’ to arrive at CountryMine for copious local news and pertinent links. A local Indonesian site, MiningIndo (http://www.miningindo.com) offers yet more.
Indonesia also offers Terranet (http://www.terranet.or.id), its own major environment and sustainable development portal. You can profitably work your way through TerraDirektori (http://www.terranet.or.id/terradirektori.php), its links page.
Many international organisations mount significant environmental projects in Indonesia. CIFOR, Center for International Forestry Search, (http://www.cifor.cgiar.org) hosts a highly trafficked site. Type ‘Indonesia’ in its search box to get more studies than you can ever read. World Wildlife Fund (http://www.wwf.or.id) describes its current Indonesia projects on its webpage. So do Conservation International (http://www.conservation.or.id), Nature Conservancy (http://nature.org/wherewework/asiapacific/indonesia), Global Forest Watch (http://www.globalforestwatch.org/english/indonesia), and Orangutan Foundation http://orangutan.org), to cite just a few. Download the 117-page report, The State of the Forest: Indonesia, (http://www.globalforestwatch.org/common/indonesia/sof.indonesia.english.pdf).
The official Environment Ministry site (http://www.menlh.go.id) is impressive though somewhat eclectic. On the homepage, you may want to see the extensive collection of national and regional environment laws and regulations by highlighting the drop-down menu labelled ‘Peraturan’ (Regulations).
Read complete, current issues of the magazine Serasi (http://www.menlh.go.id/archive.php?action=branch&cat=4). There is also a modest, searchable Digital Library (Perpustakaan Digital) (http://perpustakaan.menlh.go.id). Learn about environmental impact assessment via its AmdalNet (http://www.menlh.go.id/amdalnet).
I found the official Forestry Department site (http://www.dephut.go.id) more satisfying. There are extensive forestry thematic maps (http://www.dephut.go.id/INFORMASI/INTAG/M_Tema.htm) which you can keep clicking to reach the level of detail desired. Extensive forestry statistics can be obtained from http://www.dephut.go.id/INFORMASI/INTAG/pub_2001.htm. There are lists of scientific and popular publications, together with some technical research abstracts, (http://www.dephut.go.id/INFORMASI/LITBANG/Hasil/hasil.HTM). Forestry service contacts in the provinces are cited (http://www.dephut.go.id/hutprop.asp). A unique directory of email addresses for key officials appears (http://www.dephut.go.id/emailpejabat.asp). You can click on each email address to send a message directly to top officials. There is a whole page of scholarly papers on social forestry (http://www.dephut.go.id/INFORMASI/UMUM/Soc_For.htm).
Indonesian NGOs working on environmental issues are legion. Some have helpful websites, though they are occasionally hard to access. Indonesian Forum for the Environment, widely known as Walhi, (http://www.walhi.or.id), has a large contemporary site. Don’t miss its drop-down bioregion menu at the left of the homepage. Topical news on current campaigns appears just above this menu.
It’s worth visiting the Indonesian Tropical Institute, better known as LATIN, (http://www.latin.or.id), if only to see the full-text of articles under its heading ‘Wacana’ (discourse).
Some other worthwhile NGO sites include Akatiga (social factors in development) (http://www.akatiga.or.id), Telapak (all Indonesia as a conservation area) (http://www.telapak.org), Jatam (mining advocacy) (http://www.jatam.org), Kehati (biodiversity) (http://www.kehati.or.id), and INFORM (forestry media campaigns).
The Indonesian academic world also hosts a substantial number of environment sites, such as the Center for Coastal and Marine Resources (Institut Pertanian Bogor) (http://www.indomarine.or.id), and the Center for Social Forestry (Universitas Mulawarman) (http://csf.unmul.ac.id).
Last but not least, there are some truly unique sites, which deserve mention. These include ASEAN Haze Action Online (http://www.haze-online.or.id), Integrated Forest Fire Management Project (http://www.iffm.or.id), Indonesia’s National Parks and Reserves (http://www.angelfire.com/nt2/fipa/FIPA/NationalParks/natparks.htm), Nature Reserves of Kalimantan by Ed Colijn (http://users.bart.nl/~edcolijn/kaliman.html) and Swamp Development in Indonesia by Adriaan v
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Sumber / From :
Inside Indonesia Edisi Oktober / Desember 2004