Implementation Plan
Presented by the Government of Ireland


This event
brought together representatives from seven countries to share their
experiences in responding to the implementation plan of the Global Climate
Observing System (GCOS). GCOS was established in 1992 to meet climate
observation needs and is sponsored by: the World Meteorological Organization;
the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of the UN Educational,
Scientific and Cultural Organization; UN Environment Programme; and the International
Council for Science.

William Westermeyer, GCOS Secretariat, described activities conducted in
support of GCOS’ mission, including regional workshops and resource
mobilization. He emphasized that greater coordination is required at national,
regional and international levels in order to ensure better information
exchange and identification of synergies.

Régis Juvanon du Vachat, Metéo-France, presented on the French response to
GCOS. He noted the use of new implementation guidelines and said that budgetary
restrictions had required the redefinition of the strategic network used for
implementation. Regarding observation of terrestrial systems, he said that four
glaciers in the Alps were being monitored, as well as several in Peru and Antarctica.

Wim Monna, Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute, said that monitoring
requires a multi-disciplinary approach, and described atmospheric composition
and radiation observation work being carried out at a facility in Paramaribo, Suriname.
He highlighted challenges, including that observations are done on a
project-by-project basis, threatening the continuity of data, and recommended
increasing structural funding.

Ned Dwyer, University College Cork, said that Ireland’s approach had been to
first identify which GCOS implementation actions were applicable to the
country, and then to focus the review on these. He said that of the 43 action
items deemed to be relevant, 26 of them were fully implemented, with the rest
requiring additional work.

Stefan Rösner, Deutscher Wetterdienst, presented on Germany‘s
response to the GCOS implementation review, noting that four GCOS stations had
been established in Germany.
He said that while cooperation had been improved between ministries,
fragmentation still existed among those responsible for implementation.

Gabriela Seiz, Switzerland,
described Switzerland‘s
GCOS implementation activities at the national level, including a multi-agency
roundtable and an implementation report. She said that additional funding for
climate measurement and glacier monitoring had been approved. She described
outreach activities, including the creation of a website and brochure, and
emphasized the need for national coordination.

Linda Moodie, US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, noted that
GCOS falls under the US Climate Change Science Program, which coordinates 13
departments with a total of nearly US$2 billion in resources. She described
domestic monitoring activities and regional efforts, such as the Pacific Island
Global Ocean Observation System. She recommended the designation of an
organization in each region to be responsible for advancing GCOS.



China‘s Emissions:
Energy Research and Policy Perspectives

Presented by the Institute of Development
Studies (IDS) and Sussex Energy Group


This event
provided climate change policymakers the opportunity to discuss the results of
recent academic studies on China‘s
emissions and, in particular, the importance of the latest modeling on carbon
emissions in providing guidance on domestic policy initiatives.

Jim Watson, Sussex Energy Group and Tyndall Centre, discussed low carbon
scenarios in China
and acknowledged the role of private firms in the development and transfer of
appropriate technologies. He noted that although carbon capture and storage
projects have not been scaled up, these technologies will be crucial in the

Frauke Urban, Institute
of Development Studies
described three different scenarios for energy transition in the Chinese power
sector: business as usual; renewable energy; and atomic energy. She noted that
if no action is taken in this sector, emissions will double between 2005 and

Tao Wang, University of Sussex, argued that carbon emissions should be
considered from a trade perspective and noted that joint ventures are
responsible for 70% of emissions growth in China. He argued that short-term
economic stimulation may conflict with long-term development objectives and
stressed the need to pursue harmonization between trade and climate policies.

Fuquiang Yang, WWF, emphasized the importance of China‘s efforts on improving energy
efficiency. Rob Bradley, World Resources Institute, argued that although
current knowledge on consumption-based emissions in China is limited, it is possible to
start addressing climate change through nationally appropriate mitigation

Participants discussed the need to identify key technologies in China, which
are critical to achieving a low-carbon emissions scenario, and the role of the
Global Environment Facility in supporting technology transfer and capacity
building activities.