Inception Meeting: Biodiversity and Climate Change Project

12 – 13 January 2011

Jakarta, Indonesia

The Biodiversity and Climate Change Project


Climate change and anthropogenic factors exert extreme pressure on the existing terrestrial and marine biodiversity as well as the resulting environmental benefits such as protection against erosion, flood and carbon dioxide emissions. More than 20 percent of the global biodiversity, approximately 35 percent of the global mangrove forests and 30 percent of the coral reefs are found in the ASEAN Member States (Brunei, Indonesia, Cambodia, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam). Owing to their long coastline (173,000 kilometers) and island nature (113,000 square kilometers ocean surface between land surfaces) many ASEAN Member States belong globally to countries most affected by climate change.

It is increasingly becoming clear that biodiversity conservation and its resulting functionality of ecosystems as well as environmental benefits play a substantial role in climate change adaptation. The interconnection of global climate change and biodiversity loss is now widely recognized, where the effects of climate change on biodiversity have negative impacts on human well being. Biodiversity, through the ecosystem services it supports, also makes significant contributions to both climate change mitigation and adaptation. Biodiversity management is an important means for helping slow down climate change and its impacts. Missing awareness and knowledge, however, hamper the comprehensive appreciation of the climate protection aspects of biodiversity.

The expected impacts of climate change affect all levels of biodiversity (genetic diversity, spectrum of species, ecosystem functionality). Marine ecosystems, coastal zone and swamps, forest ecosystems (including protected areas) and agriculture ecosystems are affected by destruction and degradation. Biodiversity loss and the limitations of environmental benefits directly threaten the subsistence of rural and indigenous peoples in ASEAN Member States who are directly dependent on intact ecosystems and their biodiversity. The results impact indirectly on the whole population and contribute to increasing poverty.

The current management structure of government and non-government stakeholders for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity in the ASEAN Member States either fails to appropriately take climate change into account or are insufficient to stop biodiversity loss. Many causes of biodiversity loss as well as their negative consequences are felt beyond the borders of the individual ASEAN Member States.

Adequate policies instruments and capacity to tackle issues on biodiversity and climate change are hardly available in ASEAN and the ASEAN Member States.

In response to these situations, Germany and the ASEAN are working together to mitigate the impacts of climate change through biodiversity conservation. In September 2009, the ASEAN Secretariat and the Government of the Federal Republic of Germany agreed to implement a project on Biodiversity and Climate Change, through the ASEAN Centre for Biodiversity (ACB). The Government of the Federal Republic of Germany is funding the project with Euro 2,000,000.


The project aims to assist ACB in developing and implementing strategies and instruments in the field of biodiversity and climate change. Through the project, ACB aims to provide the ASEAN Member States with advisory services on strategies and instruments for biodiversity conservation-related intervention measures on climate protection and adaptation to climate change.


The project is characterized by a multilevel approach.

· Firstly, the German contribution will be focused on enhancing ACB’s institutional effectiveness toward improve understanding of its mandate.

· Secondly, the project will promote the elaboration, introduction and institutionalization of one of ACB’s core programme on Biodiversity and Climate Change; and

· Thirdly, an ASEAN-wide communication strategy on the abovementioned thematic complex will be designed. The core programme will include the development, validation and dissemination of innovative instruments among the ASEAN Member States.

The project is oriented toward the ASEAN Vision 2020 and the ASEAN Charter as overarching policy document of the ASEAN. It contributes directly toward the implementation of the objectives of the Vientiane Action Plan (VAP 2004-2010), ASEAN Blueprint 2008-2015), the 2007 Regional Action Plan for ASEAN Heritage Parks and Protected Areas, the regional initiatives Heart of Borneo, Coral Reef Triangle, Greater Mekong Sub-Region as well as the UN Conventions on Biological Diversity ad Climate Change. It is closely interlinked with the extended EU project at ACB which ended on November 15, 2010. The current project supports ACB mainly in the overall organizational structure and its development.

Target Beneficiaries

In broader sense, the project targets the overall population of ASEAN Member States who are dependent on the ecosystem benefits and goods to secure their subsistence and who prove to be highly vulnerable to climate change. As the project works primarily at regional and national levels, only in the implementation of pilot activities will direct beneficiaries be determined. Since the poorer population are dependent on intact biodiversity and its corresponding functions, this population segment will profit from the implementation of the formulated gender sensitive core programme on Biodiversity and Climate Change.

Inception Meeting, 12-13 January 2011, Jakarta, Indonesia

Day 1

12 January 2011

8:00 – 9:00


Agenda Item 1

9:00 – 10:00

Opening Session

The representative from the Government of Indonesia will give a statement at the Opening Session

Representatives of GTZ, ASEAN Secretariat, and ACB will also deliver opening messages.

10:00 -10:30

Coffee Break and Photo Session

Agenda Item 2


Agenda Item 3

11:00 – 11:30

Objectives of the Inception Meeting and General Approach of the Project (GTZ)

Agenda Item 4

11:30 – 12:00

Proposed Strategy


12:00 – 1:30

Lunch Break

Agenda Item 5


Proposed Project Operational Plan, Implementation Agreement and Institutional Scheme (GTZ)

2:00 – 3:00

Open Forum

3:00 – 3:30

Coffee Break

Agenda Item 6.0

2011 Project Work Plan: Biodiversity and Climate Change

3:30 – 5:30

Review and Discussion on Components 1 and 2

Component 1 – Biodiversity and Climate Change Action Plan

Component 2 – Regional Communication Strategy

Day 2

13 January 2011

8:30 – 10:30

Review and Discussion Components 3 and 4

Component 3 – Tools, Standards and Policies On Biodiversity and Climate Change

Component 4 – Integrating Biodiversity into Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation Plans

10:30 – 11:00

Coffee Break

Agenda Item 7.0

11:00 – 12:00

Other Matters

Discussion on ACB’s New and Pipeline Projects supported by Germany

This Session will present other ACB projects to be supported by Germany.

12:00 – 1:30

Lunch Break

1:30 – 2:30

Synthesis and Recommendations: Work Plan for 2011

2:30 – 3:00

Closing Session