The State Minister for Environment of the Republic of Indonesia
THE 10th ASIA PACIFIC ROUNDTABLE FOR
SUSTAINABLE CONSUMPTION AND PRODUCTION (APRSCP)
Yogyakarta, 9 November 2011
SCP and Green Economy: Indonesia’s Perspectives
The Honourable Dr. Yoshiteru Uramoto , Deputy Director-General of UNIDO,
The Honourable Governor of Yogyakarta, Sri Sultan Hamengkubowono the 10th,
Dr. Young-Woo Park, representative of UNEP,
Prof. Dr. Anthony Chiu, APRSCP President
Honourable Ministers and Heads of Delegation,
Distinguished delegates and participants,
Ladies and gentlemen,
I would like to first of all extend my gratitude to distinguished participants to this prestigious Roundtable in historical and beautiful city of Yogyakarta. I would like to express my sincere thank to the Governor of Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta, UNEP, UNIDO, the APRSCP Board, our partner institutions, and all participants to make this conference happening today. This meeting is essential for exchanging views and ideas to offer solutions and way forward in achieving sustainable development goals, and is particularly important for Indonesia to implement international commitment of actions on sustainable consumption and production at all levels.
Since the industrial revolution, the world has undergone rapid and fundamental shifts in the way we consume and produce in our daily lives. Over the last decades, we have witnessed an accelerated process of globalization that has brought tremendous benefits for people. Yet, as much as there has been a positive development, the levels of poverty and environmental degradation have continued to worse in line with an expanding world population and international economic activities. That is why twenty years ago in Rio de Janeiro, the world agreed on changing unsustainable pattern of consumption and production.
I acknowledge that the theme of 10th Asia Pacific Roundtable for Sustainable Consumption and Production (APRSCP) of “Sustainable Consumption and Production: Leading to Green Business, from Local Initiative to Global Winner” is one that is timely and opportune. The environmental as well as economic challenges of today are multifaceted and complex. These challenges require that economic development not only boosts growth, but it must also be in line with environmental sustainability and poverty eradication.
Distinguished delegates, Ladies and gentlemen,
I recognize that the concept of Sustainable Consumption and Production or SCP has been largely promoted in recent days. Countries shall regard the concept differently based on the country’ uniqueness and national need. Indonesia is of the view that SCP is a backbone and important building block of sustainable development paradigm. The concept promote resources efficiency approach with strong emphasizes on internalizing value of natural resources and environment, efforts on eradicate the poverty, creating decent jobs, and ensuring sustainable economic growth. The similar notion is also given to the so called Green Economy.
I am of the view that SCP and green economy is a vehicle towards the full attainment of sustainable development. Implementing the SCP and green economy internalizes and takes account of externalities costs in our development process, achieving a better balance in the economic, social, and environment dimensions. This ensures sustainable and inclusive growths and enhances the achievement of the MDGs.
Sustainable Consumption and Production and Green Economy should be conducted in the context of development that is pro-poor, pro-job, pro-growth and pro-environment as the directive of the President of the Republic of Indonesia. Hence, green economy needs to be translated as an inclusive policy which aims on resources efficiency, eradicating poverty, creating decent jobs, and ensuring sustainable economic growth. In this regard, we are proud to inform that Indonesia has translated the green economy concept into its long term national development plan for 2005-2025 includes the goal of a “green and everlasting Indonesia”.
Sustainable Consumption and Production ought to be valued as an integrated and holistic concept, and therefore should not be undervalue or limit into narrow objective. Moreover, Indonesia believes that the concept of Green Economy should be include an essence of SCP and should embrace various environmental sound approaches.
In Indonesia, among other SCP related policies and programmes are: carrying capacity based development, low carbon development strategy, integrated crop and resources management system, energy efficiency, green industry, and financing for sustainable development (green financing and investment initiative). Indonesia also considers that green economy should be represented in efficient and effective spatial management to promote balance between prosperity and sustainability.
Being an integrated and holistic concept, successful implementation of SCP has need of active role and involvement of various stakeholders. In this regard, the key stakeholders are government, local government, communities, private sector and business, academia, non-government organization, and others. The concept, for that reason, need to wisely recognize roles and levels of involvement of the stakeholders.
Indonesia, along with its commitment to Sustainable Development, continuously adopts and implements sound environmentally policies and programs. In this prestigious event, Indonesia would like to share its experiences, such as our agriculture policy framework on integrated crops and resources management, Policy initiative towards green industry (through 3R, cleaner production, and energy efficiency), Indonesia low carbon development policy strategies, and many other policy initiatives.
Indonesia also sees current challenges of climate change and lost of biodiversity as major strategic entry point in achieving sustainable development objectives by implementing SCP. In the context of overcoming the impact of global warming to attain sustainable development, in 2009 at both G-20 Summit in Pittsburgh and UN Climate Change Convention in Copenhagen, Indonesia has conveyed its commitment to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 26% relative to the business as usual level by 2020 through national climate change mitigation and adaptation strategy, and up to 41% reduction with support from international community. Indonesia has also identified peat emission, forestry, energy, agriculture, industry, waste, and transportation sectors as the key activities for reducing greenhouse gases emission. The commitment yet could be ensured only if we could be able to shift our pattern of consumption and production onto a more sustainable one.
Honourable guesses, Distinguished Delegates,
I therefore urge and wish this roundtable conference to serve as a movement and commitment to jointly ensure implementation of SCP concept. Nevertheless, while nature and environment teach us on how divers we are, I believe that there is no such a standardized or homogeneous implementation of the concept. The implementation shall be adapted to specific characteristic and need of each country and culture of people.
Finally, let me quote the mind of Gandhi saying that “There is a sufficiency in the world for man’s need but not for man’s greed”. Greening the economy, takes no other than ourselves to live sustainably.
I wish you all the very best and enjoyable discussion and knowledge sharing during this conference.
I thank you.
State Minister for the Environment
Republic of Indonesia
Prof. Dr. Balthasar Kambuaya, MBA