KEMENTERIAN LINGKUNGAN HIDUP

REPUBLIK INDONESIA

CLEANER PRODUCTION AND ULTILATERAL ENVIRONMENTAL AGREEMENTS (MEAs) – a Paralel Event of COP9 Basel Convention

The cleaner production is a logical frameword to preserve the materials (raw material, water and energy) and to decrease waste generation. It also includes how to increase the productivity, how to reduce the input and waste, and how to reduce the risk to the environment. Inconclusion, the cleaner production is not only for the environment preservation initiation but also to support the program and strategy based on the production oriented.

Concept of the cleaner production which is focused on the prevention effort is an effective strategy to integrate and synergyze various objectives of the international cooperation/agreement in the environmental management as well as Multilateral Environmental Agreement/MEAs. For example, BASEL, ROTTERDAM, STOCKLM Convention and Global Program of Action (GPA) for Protecting the Marine Environment can be syncergized through the hazardous chemicals prevention management. The application of the cleaner production strategy can help to eliminate the organic persistent pollutants (Stockholm Convention), reduce the waste (Basel Convention), and trading (Rotterdam Conventon), that later can be contributed to the GPA.

MEAs are one of the international scale instruments to protect the environment, particularly for natural resources allocation and exploitation. But the MEAs not yet fully oriented to the environmental prevention and natural conservation. Currently, the common MEAs application is more related to the end-of-pipe approach which is based on the impact monitoring after the pollution is happened. In the future, MEAs need to be focused on the perevention effort because MEAs can facilitate the application of the cleaner production.

Spefically, MEAs have supported the integration of the cleaner production application to the United Nation Framework Convention on Climate Change IUNFCCC), Basel Convention and Stockholm Conventon. The cleaner production is contributes to: (i0 reduce the green house gas emission through the energy efficiency effort (UNFCCC), (ii) reduce the hazardous waste volume that has a direct impact to the industry particularly the budget implication and the legal aspect of the storing, transporting, treatmen, and disposal. With the smaller volume of the hazardous waste, the management would be easier (Basel Convention), and (iii) minimization and elimination of POPs through good house keeping appication and the process changes (Stockholm Convention).

In order to deepen issues, the Indonesian Ministry of Environment particularly Assistang Deputy for Standarization, Technology, and Cleaner Production in cooperation with Indonesian-German Environmental Program (ProLH GTZ) conduct a seminar of Cleaner Production and Multinational Environmental Agreements (MEAs): Adoption and Implementation in Indonesia. Its seminar is a parallel event of COP9-Basel Convention held in Nusa Dua, Bali-Indonesia in June 24th, 2008. Issues presented in its seminar are: (i) Cleaner Production in Urban, by Sri Tanti Adundhati, Assistant Deputy of Standardization, Technology and Cleaner Production, (ii) Cleaner Production and Climate Change: Kyoto Protocol by Liana Bratasida, Expert Staff to the Ministry for Global Environment and International Cooperation, (iii) Cleaner Production and Integrated Water Management in SME Batik Laweyan Soli, Central Java, by Head of Environmental Office, Surakarta City, Central Java, (iv) Cleaner Production and MEAs: Basel Convention, by Ratnasari, Head of Sub Divicion for International Agreements, and (v) Eco Office, by Darhamsyah, Officer of Regional Sumapapua Environmental Management Office.

Its seminar was opened by Dieter Brulez, Principal Advisor of GTZ-ProLH Germany, with keynote speaker Sri Hudastuti, Deputy VII Ministry of Environment The Republic of Indonesia.(sas)

Source:

Assistant Deputy for Standardization,Technology and Cleaner Production, The State Ministry of Environment, The Republic of Indonesia

Jl. DI. Panjaitan, Kav. 24, Building A/6, Kebon Nanas, Jakarta 13410

Tel.: 92-21-8584638, Fax: 62-21-85906167

E-mail: tentang_pb@yahoo.com