The UN-China Climate Change

Presented by China
and UNDP

This event provided an opportunity for China to present the results of
studies on carbon budgeting, technology transfer, and international technology
cooperation by sector.

Khalid Malik, UN Resident Coordinator, China,
highlighted China‘s
importance in future mitigation strategies, noted its leadership in renewable
energy and encouraged a people-first approach.

Su Wei, National Development Reform Commission (NDRC), China, said
that the three studies were undertaken as part of a partnership framework with
UNDP and that the climate change regime must allow developing countries the
carbon space they need to develop.

Pan Jiahua, Chinese
of Social
Sciences, presented a carbon budget proposal (CBP), which allocates global
carbon emissions required for basic needs, while providing incentives to reduce
emissions associated with wasteful consumption, aimed at reducing global
emissions by 50% by 2050. He explained that the CBP allocates a global carbon
budget per capita based on a number of factors, including climate, geography
and resource endowments. He said that the CBP considers each country’s
historical consumption of carbon, noting that many developed countries have
already used up their carbon budget and would have to purchase credits from
developing countries that have surpluses, and that the finances generated could
be used to facilitate low-carbon development.

Luis Gomez-Echeverri, UNDP, commented on the carbon budget proposal,
emphasizing the need to take equity into consideration in the post-2012 regime.
He noted that the CBP provides for basic human needs, thus linking it to
adaptation, and operationalizes the concept of common but differentiated

Wang Can, Tsinghua
, presented a
sectoral analysis on technology development and transfer investigating the
mitigating efforts of energy-intensive sectors. He noted that China‘s rapid
industrialization poses challenges to reducing emissions and that phasing out
old power stations may result in job losses, but noted that new technologies
may generate employment.

Silvia Lemmer, UNEP, noted the need to also consider "soft
technologies," or skills that must accompany any transfer of technology.
Regarding job losses in the transition to more efficient technology, she said
that these would be more than offset by the creation of "green jobs,"
but acknowledged that restructuring could cause hardship.

Zou Ji, Renmin University, presented on proposals for
transfer of environmentally sound technologies (ESTs), noting that these must
be supported by human capacity to use them. He urged developing countries to
take the lead in transferring EST as a "global public good" capable
of mitigating the impacts of climate change. He encouraged governments to play
a role in accelerating the life cycle of ESTs, from invention and innovation,
to diffusion and deployment.

Tariq Banuri, UN DESA, said that technology transfer holds huge potential,
highlighting agricultural gains achieved by the "green revolution" in
the 1960s. He urged the adoption of policies that encourage the transferring of
technologies that have negative or neutral costs.