KEMENTERIAN LINGKUNGAN HIDUP

REPUBLIK INDONESIA


Presented
by the Centre for Science and Environment


Sunita Narain, Centre for Science and Environment (CSE), emphasized that
greenhouse gases are linked to economic growth, that an equitable climate
change agreement must distribute this growth with developing countries, and
that a climate agreement should take into consideration historical emissions.
She lamented that renewable energy sources generate only one percent of the
world’s energy supply, and that most of this contribution is in the form of
biomass used in cookstoves of the poor. She highlighted that the poor of the
South are being asked to introduce renewables and highly energy-efficient
technologies, which the wealthy Northern countries have not been able to do
themselves. She urged the creation of a climate agreement based on per capita
emission rights, and that creates incentives for investment in renewable energy
sources and decentralized solutions.

Surya Sethi, Planning Commission of India, discussed the policy implications of
"leapfrogging" older technologies and cautioned that, while
beneficial, these activities also bypass the accompanying human capital and
technological development. He also noted that not all technology will be
applicable in the developing world, and illustrated this with the example of
wind turbines maladapted to the Indian wind regime. He stressed that new
technology will have to take into account existing infrastructure for
technology in the country.

Hans-Josef Fell, Member of German Parliament, said there is no shortage of
energy sources, but noted that fossil fuels are expected to decline by three
percent per year. He noted that one third more coal would be needed to power
carbon caption and storage per unit of energy produced. He also highlighted the
importance of remembering that activities fueled by coal, oil and gas are
responsible for 80% of all greenhouse gases, and that real climate protection
must end the use of these. He said the removal of fossil fuels subsidies would
make renewables immediately competitive.

Yu Jie, HBF China, said the Chinese wind industry is booming, with domestic
production of turbines doubling in the last five years. She emphasized that
related activities have benefited small communities located near manufacturing
facilities and near the wind farms. She noted that the wind industry has been
supported by a pro-wind policy framework, including laws that determine prices.
She said that China
is looking to triple its generation of renewable energy by 2020.

Stefan Gsänger, World Wind Energy Association, acknowledged that China is a wind power success story, but noted
that that Africa and Latin America generated
less than one percent of global wind power, and recommended the extension of
supportive policies in other countries. He stressed that local people must
benefit from wind farms if the wind industry is to gain support.