KEMENTERIAN LINGKUNGAN HIDUP

REPUBLIK INDONESIA


echnology Transfer and Development Issues for Developing
Countries


Presented by Centre for Trade and Development (CENTAD)


This event discussed the need for financing and technology transfer (TT) to
enable adaptation and mitigation actions in developing countries, including
sectoral approaches and institutional TT mechanisms under UNFCCC.

Meena Raman, Third World Network, highlighted that TT does not simply consist
of the sale of technologies from the North to the South, but should build
domestic capacity to manufacture technologies appropriate to developing
countries’ needs. She reviewed key aspects of the G-77/China proposal for a
technology mechanism under the UNFCCC to make relevant technologies available
to developing countries. She also stressed the need to maximize the use of
flexibilities provided for in the WTO Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of
Intellectual Property Rights, and assess the availability of public domain
technologies for low-carbon development pathways in developing countries.

Mozarul Alam Babu, Bangladesh Centre for Advanced Studies, noted that
mitigation technology development and transfer depends on future reduction commitment
targets, while adaptation TT is influenced by countries’ level of vulnerability
and adaptive capacity. He stressed that the transfer of inefficient
technologies should be discouraged, while the deployment of known technologies
from one area to another may be useful for adaptation. He underscored the need
to strengthen enabling environments, institutional capacity and national
centers of excellence in developing countries.

Tilman Santarius, Wuppertal Institute, highlighted aspects of the TT agenda in
need of further consideration, including: capacity building for developed
countries on how to maximize global benefits from TT investments; the
development of concrete mechanisms for TT; emerging TT opportunities; and
policy coherence in industrialized countries. He underscored that the export
crediting system must be realigned with TT objectives, and the need to
distinguish between goals that can be achieved within UNFCCC and those that
must be addressed outside the Convention.

Steve Sawyer, Global Wind Energy Council, presented on effective renewable
energy TT and how to design it in a pro-poor way. He noted that the objective
of TT is the maximum diffusion of existing technologies; cooperative research
and development on future technologies; and concessional or grant access for
least developed countries (LDCs) to mitigation and adaptation technologies. He
stressed that multilateral institutions should invest their money to build an
enabling environment for companies to operate, rather than directly engage in
the provision of renewable energy.

In the ensuing discussion, participants highlighted: the scarcity of knowledge
regarding relevant state-of-the-art technologies; issues surrounding
intellectual property rights, including waivers for LDCs to use proprietary
technologies for adaptation purposes; the unprofitability of small markets; and
domestic efforts to develop national manufacturing capacity.