Opening By Hon. David Mwiraria E.G.H., Minister for Environment and Natural Resources, Kenya On the Occasion of The Opening of  COP-13, COP/MOP-3 on

Distinguished Colleagues and Delegates
Honoured Guests
Ladies and Gentlemen

May I take this opportunity on behalf of the Government  and the people of the Republic of Kenya to thank you all for working with us during our Presidency and therefore making this year a watershed for global climate change policy.

When COP-12 and COP/MOP-2 set off in Nairobi last year in November, our discussions where informed by five clear objectives, which I will briefly highlight and at the same time give an indication of the successes achieved so far: -
Number one was: taking real action on adaptation.

COP-12, COP/MOP-2 was a real turning point in putting adaptation at the top of climate agenda. We finalized the five-year  programme of work on adaptation, and agreement was reached in respect of principles and modalities that were to guide the adaptation fund. We lock forward to concluding the remaining issues of governance of this fund here in Bali.

Number two was:  Kick starting the CDM in Africa

Achieving equitable regional distribution of CDM Project in Africa, as well as the need for financial resources to support these activities, was recognized as a priority, and Inter UN Agency Intervention was put in place to work on this.

However, progress has been slow. Work is still needed to ensure that this is An African-Led Programme focussed on real projects in partnership with local institutions.

Number three was: Introducing new thinking on technology transfer.

Despite the limited progress on the issue, creative ideas have been raised since COP-12 and the stage is now set for meaningful progress here in Bali.

Number four and five were: Maintaining the political momentum and expanding the creative space.

The convention dialogue has provided an opportunity for creative and constructive ideas regarding future activities by all countries to intensify efforts to address climate change. The Ad Hoc working group on article 3.9 (AWG) of the Kyoto Protocol has made significant progress in building up momentum to finalise negotiations on future commitments by developed countries in time to ensure that there shall be no gap between the Kyoto commitment periods. However I cannot overemphasise the importance of sending clear signals to carbon markets in our common resolve to secure the future of the Kyoto Regime[ 1] .

During the year, political momentum has been further fuelled by several activities including: – First, the ministerial consultations held in riksgransen , Sweden, Bogor, Indonesia as well as the high level event hosted by the US Secretary General Mr. Ban Ki Moon in September  this year at the UN headquarters in New York.

Second, the scientific findings of the IPCC’S synthesis report launched in Valencia recently indicating that cliamte change is talking place and linking this change to human activity. The report also points out that the least developed countries of Africa and the small Island developing states which have contributed least to this change are bearing its brunt.

These are the five themes that formed the basis for discussions at COP-12, COP/MOP2. Although some progress has been made, it is inadequate.

The science has been unequivocal and impacts are already being observed. Reports on the economics of climate change have also indicated that the problem is manageable. However the pace of climate change negotiations is definitely out of step with negotiations have to move faster and decisively here is Bali.

I therefore, call upon all parties to move with the urgency and speed required to engage in meaningful debate followed by concrete action.

Finally, on the framing of future climate regime, I wish to call on parties, to the climate change convention, to recognize that the challenge is extremely urgent, and that we need to build on the existing climate change regime to come up with fair agreement.

The balance of interest is well reflected in the objective of the convention and the agreements we reach have to dive all parties a fair change to develop.

Excellencies, distinguished delegates,  ladies and gentlemen, we have an opportunity working with the incoming president of COP-13, COP/MOP-3 H.E. Rachmat Witoelar here in Bali, to take decisions which will save planet earth for future generations. We should all rise to the occasion.

I thank you.

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