KEMENTERIAN LINGKUNGAN HIDUP

REPUBLIK INDONESIA

 

Taga Guna lahan, Iklim dan Pengembangan: Membuat REDD Bekerja

World Resources Institute

Rabu, 5 Desember, pulu 18-19.30 , Solar-GH

 

Panelis:

·        Gisela Ulloa Vargas – Bolivia

·        Leonel Iglesias – Mexico

·        Wardojo – Indonesia

·        Bill Hohenstein – USA

 

Moderator: Jonathan Pershing

 

Satu mekanisme untuk hutan dan iklim:

·        Satu faktor peningkatan penting dalam negosiasi iklim internasional 

·        Terikat dengan ketersediaan sumber issu-issu, persamaan, pengembangan ekonomi

·        Menyiapkan insentif yang baru untuk mengembangkan aktifitas negara dalam iklim

 

Ramalan dan perubahan iklim

·        Menstabilkan emisi gas rumah kaca di atmosfer pada level yang aman  diperlukan pengurangan-pengurangan penting dalam tarif penebangan hutan

·        Tahun 2000 sampai 2005 hutan tropis dunia  yang hilang sekitar 10,4 juta hektar pertahun menyebabkan 15 sampai 20 %  anthropogenic global emisi gas rumah kaca

 

1)      Assuring real reductions

§         nt size="3">Avoiding leakage

§         Mapping (detailed characterization of LUC)

§         Quantifying carbon dioxide emissions)

2)      Permanence

 

Forest outcomes

1.      Sustainable yield

2.      Intact forest protection

3.      Ecosystem services (water quality/quantity, soil integrity, flood protection, air quality, weather protection)

4.      Biodiversity

5.      Pharmaceutical

 

Meyakinkan pengurangan-pengurangan riil

§ Menghindari kebocoran

§ Memetakan (memerinci karakter LUC)

§ Mengukur emisi karbon dioksida 

2) Ketetapan

Hasil-hasil hutan

1. hasil yang berkesinambungan

2. Perlindungan hutan yang tetap utuh

3. Pelayanan ekosistem (kualitas/kuantitas air , integritas lahan, perlindungan banjir, kualitas udara, perlindungan cuaca)

4. Keanekaragaman hayati

5. farmasi (obat-obatan)

 

Satu contoh dari ASEAN 

Unsur-unsur solusi-solusi

Development and forests

·        Projecting those living in poverty and relying on forests for subsistence is essential to development

·        Protecting vital industries for development, including pulp and paper, wood products, biofuels

 

Elements of Solution

·        Build capacity and governance structures

·        Protect sustainable livelihoods

·        Create deman side policies

 

Connecting climate negotiations and forests

·        Successful REDD initiatives require combination of government interventions (developed & developing countries) and concerted action by both producers and consumers of forest products

·        World’s remaining forests will require multiple strategies & mechanisms

·        World’s forest could require substantial funds and compensation for developing countries

 

Options could include

·        National-level crediting (national baselines and forest emission reduction credits)

·        Dedicated funds for REDD

·        REDD activities in development policies (SDPAMS)

·        Supply and demand programs, including measures to reduce global demand for unsustainable forest and energy products

·        Or a combination of all

 

Choice of mechanism(s) will be predicated on specific outcomes desired (forest, development, climate)

 

Conclusions

·        REDD solutions will link climate, forest protection and sustainable development

o       But this forum is not CBD or ITTO; UNFCCC should prioritize climate benefits, but not ignore link

·        There are solutions:

o       Many are good for forests, development and climate

o       Need portfolio of options

o       Need pilots to test options – but must move quickly to scale up

 

 

 

Contributor: Agus Gunawan

· Berhubungan dengan penurunan seperti penebangan hutan

· Termasuk kebijakan-kebijakan permintaan dan penawaran

· Berhubungan dengan pengendalian khusus penebangan hutan

· Valuing jasa hutan-hutan dan ekosistem yang tetap utuh

· Dukungan wilayah yang dilindungi

· Membatasi aktivitas pembalakan di daerah yang baru