On Tuesday, the SBI and SBSTA resumed and concluded initial consideration of their respective agendas. In the afternoon, the AWG-LCA convened a workshop on a shared vision for long-term cooperative action.


JAPAN and CANADA noted linkages between AWG-LCA and SBI discussions on
technology transfer. CHINA proposed a separate subsidiary body for
technology transfer, and a new multilateral fund. A joint SBSTA/SBI
contact group will be co-chaired by Carlos Fuller (Belize) and Holger
Liptow (Germany).

REDD: Chair Plume introduced the issue (FCCC/SBSTA/2008/11).
SWITZERLAND, the EU and AUSTRALIA said a sufficient methodological
basis now exists for REDD activities, and the EU and PAPUA NEW GUINEA
supported a COP decision on methodological issues in Poznań. TUVALU
said further methodological work is needed on degradation and
demand-side measures.

Many parties
called for inclusion of countries with different rates of
deforestation. PAPUA NEW GUINEA suggested that the Secretariat explore
funding options for different national circumstances. A contact group
was established, co-chaired by Lilian Portillo (Paraguay) and Audun
Rosland (Norway).

were briefed by representatives of the Global Terrestrial Observing
System, Committee on Earth Observation Satellites, and Global Climate
Observing System (FCCC/SBSTA/2008/MISCs.11-12). Delegates agreed to
Chair Plume’s proposal to defer further discussion and prepare brief
draft conclusions.

METHODOLOGICAL ISSUES (CONVENTION): Technical review of Annex I inventories:
On this issue (FCCC/SBSTA/2008/INF.4), delegates agreed to hold
informal consultations facilitated by Dominique Blain (Canada).

Greenhouse gas data interface: Consideration of this item was deferred to SBSTA 30.

Emissions from international aviation and maritime transport: The
International Civil Aviation Organization and International Maritime
Organization briefed delegates. Chair Plume will prepare conclusions
and said the item would be taken up in more detail at SBSTA 32.

METHODOLOGICAL ISSUES (PROTOCOL): HCFC-22: Jeffery Spooner (Jamaica) will conduct informal consultations.

Carbon capture and storage: On this item (FCCC/SBSTA/2008/INFs.1 and 3 and MISC.10), SAUDI
ARABIA, NORWAY, the EU, JAPAN and others supported including CCS under
the CDM. JAMAICA, VENEZUELA and MICRONESIA noted that although CCS has
potential, it has not been fully tested or proven. BRAZIL said CCS is
incompatible with the CDM. A contact group will be co-chaired by
Gertraud Wollansky (Austria) and Mohammad Reazuddin (Bangladesh).

IPCC Fourth Assessment Report: On this item (FCCC/SBSTA/2008/8), Chair Plume will prepare draft conclusions.

joint SBI/SBSTA contact group on Protocol Article 2.3 and Article 3.14
will be chaired by Kamel Djemouai (Algeria) and Kristin Tilley

OTHER MATTERS: Activities Implemented Jointly: Chair Plume will prepare draft conclusions and a decision text.

Ozone depleting substances:
The EU, opposed by CHINA, said SBSTA conclusions should include a
reference to substitutes for ozone depleting substances, as contained
in the report of the 20th Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal
Protocol. Chair Plume will hold informal consultations.

Proposed new agenda item:
Brazil, for the G-77/CHINA, proposed including implications of using
various metrics to calculate carbon dioxide equivalents on the SBSTA 30
agenda. NEW ZEALAND supported this, while the US opposed it. Chair
Plume will consult informally.

SBI 29

This agenda item covers the fourth review of the financial mechanism,
report of the GEF to the COP and guidance to the GEF, and the LDC Fund (FCCC/CP/2008/2 and FCCC/SBI/2008/MISC.8).

EU reaffirmed the GEF’s role as the UNFCCC’s financial mechanism. The
Philippines, for the G-77/CHINA, said the GEF is not the financial
mechanism but its operating entity. The AFRICAN GROUP said the
selection of the GEF’s chairpersons and CEOs should reflect its global
character. A contact group on the fourth review, and the GEF report and
guidance to the GEF will be co-chaired by Deborah Fulton (Australia)
and Surya Sethi (India). A contact group on the LDC Fund will be
co-chaired by Margaret Sangarwe (Zimbabwe) and Michelle Campbell

NON-ANNEX I COMMUNICATIONS: The Secretariat introduced documents on the work of the CGE and on financial and technical support (FCCC/SBI/2007/10/Add.1, FCCC/SBI/2007/MISC.7,
Adds.1-2, FCCC/CP/2008/2, and FCCC/SBI/2008/INF.10). Emily Ojoo-Massawa
(Kenya) and Ricardo Moita (Portugal) will co-chair a contact group.

IMPLEMENTATION OF CONVENTION ARTICLE 4.8 AND 4.9: Progress on the implementation of decision 1/CP.10: A contact group will be chaired by Leon Charles (Grenada).

Matters relating to LDCs:
The LDC Expert Group (LEG) reported on its work (FCCC/SBI/2008/14).
BANGLADESH suggested a mechanism to expedite prompt funding for
implementating NAPAs. Informal consultations will be conducted by
Margaret Sangarwe (Zimbabwe). 

The Secretariat introduced the item (FCCC/SBI/2008/16-17 and INFs.5-8).
Delegates established a SBSTA/SBI contact group co-chaired by Holger
Liptow (Germany) and Carlos Fuller (Belize), and an SBI contact group
co-chaired by Philip Gwage (Uganda) and Jukka Uoasukainen (Finland).

The Secretariat introduced documents (FCCC/SBI/2008/11, 15, MISCs.5-6,
FCCC/CP/2008/2 and FCCC/TP/2008/5). Tanzania, for the      G-77/CHINA,
called for development of performance indicators for monitoring and
evaluating capacity building. PAPUA NEW GUINEA proposed establishing a
CGE on monitoring activities to provide capacity building support to
countries, especially on REDD issues. Crispin d’Auvergne (Saint Lucia)
and Helmut Hojesky (Austria) will hold informal consultations.

The Secretariat introduced relevant documents (FCCC/SBI/2008/11, MISCs.
5-6, and FCCC/TP/2008/5). The G-77/CHINA called for enhanced capacity
building to implement CDM projects. Crispin d’Auvergne (Saint Lucia)
and Helmut Hojesky (Austria) will hold informal consultations.

Secretariat introduced the item (FCCC/SBI/2006/27). A joint SBI/SBSTA
contact group on Articles 3.14 and 2.3 was established and will be
co-chaired by Kristin Tilley (Australia) and Kamel Djemouai (Algeria).

ADMINISTRATIVE, FINANCIAL AND INSTITUTIONAL MATTERS: The Secretariat introduced this agenda item (FCCC/SBI/2008/13 and Adds.1-2, FCCC/SBI/2008/10 and 18, FCCC/SBI/2008/INFs.1 and 9). Informal consultations will be chaired by Talieh Wogerbauer-Mamdouhi (Austria).

privileges and immunities, parties supported considering the issue in
the context of the second review under Article 9. TUVALU proposed a new
legally-binding instrument and the EU said it should be part of a
post-2012 agreement. Sebastian Oberthur (Germany) will hold informal

COMPLIANCE: The Chair will draft conclusions in consultation with interested parties.

The Secretariat introduced the relevant document (FCCC/SBI/2008/7). The
Chair will draft conclusions in consultation with interested parties.

The Secretariat presented the relevant documents (FCCC/SBI/2008/INF.8
and MISC.7). Dominique Blain (Canada) will conduct informal

OTHER MATTERS: Annual compilation and accounting report for Kyoto Protocol Annex B Parties: The Secretariat
presented the report (FCCC/KP/CMP/2008/9/Rev.1, Add.1 and Corr.1). The
EU requested that information on emissions and accounting for Kyoto
units be directly accessible on the Secretariat website.


Chair Machado explained that the workshop was an opportunity to develop
a common understanding of a shared vision. The Bahamas, for AOSIS, said
a shared vision should prevent further impacts on SIDS and LDCs. He
supported stabilization at 350 ppm and limiting the temperature
increase to 1.5ºC, and called for mitigation by all parties. JAPAN
proposed that parties adopt a global 50% reduction goal by 2050.

said a shared vision should address all elements of the Bali Action
Plan, and not be temporarily limited in terms of actors and actions.
BRAZIL said a shared vision should cover all building blocks, guided by
the provisions and principles of the Convention. On mitigation, he
supported 25-40% emission reductions by Annex I countries, substantial
deviation from the baseline by non-Annex I countries, and burden
sharing based on historical responsibility and equity.

for LDCs, said one of the key benchmarks for a shared vision should be
that it minimizes the vulnerability of developing countries, LDCs and
SIDS. The EU highlighted a pathway to below 2ºC, which requires at
least a 50% reduction by 2050 compared with 1990 levels, and for
developing countries to deviate from business-as-usual by 15-30% by

Emphasizing historical
responsibility, CHINA outlined criteria involving cumulative emissions
and said developed countries should cut their emissions significantly
to allow developing countries the space to develop. Speaking for a
number of Latin American countries, ECUADOR said a shared vision should
recognize the onus on all parties to step up their efforts, although
developed countries must take the lead in mitigating climate change and
provide adequate funding and technology transfer.

BAHAMAS highlighted mitigation efforts by AOSIS. SAUDI ARABIA supported
India and Brazil, noting that it would be unacceptable to renegotiate
the Convention, and criticized proposals focusing on the energy sector.
JAPAN highlighted growing support for sectoral approaches. SOUTH AFRICA
said the EU’s 30% emission reduction target by 2020 was not
sufficiently ambitious and questioned the scientific basis for a 15-30%
deviation from business-as-usual for developing countries by 2020.


Parties generally expressed satisfaction with the Chair’s note
(FCCC/KP/AWG/2008/INF.3) and discussed how to develop it further. Some
parties expressed concerns that the option of maintaining the current
rules had been relegated to a footnote. Discussions were largely
procedural addressing ways to ensure that the note adequately reflects
all parties’ views.

Parties discussed how to move forward based on the LULUCF Annexes to
previous AWG-KP reports (FCCC/KP/AWG/2008/3 and 5), and past and future
party submissions. Parties then discussed, inter alia,
natural disturbances, non-permanence under the CDM and further
activities under Protocol Article 3.4 (additional activities). Further
informal consultations will address submissions from the parties to
clarify positions for next year.


AWG-LCA workshop on a shared vision was a topic of conversation on
Tuesday evening, with most participants apparently pleased with the
event. While nobody claimed to have heard anything surprising, many
felt that the workshop had fulfilled its objective. “It generated a lot
of discussion and there seemed to be more substance than before,