KEMENTERIAN LINGKUNGAN HIDUP

REPUBLIK INDONESIA

The United Nations Climate Change Conference in Poznań, Poland, begins today and will continue until 12 December. The meeting includes the fourteenth
Conference of the Parties (COP 14) to the UN Framework Convention on
Climate Change (UNFCCC) and fourth Conference of the Parties serving as
the Meeting of Parties to the Kyoto Protocol (COP/MOP 4)
. In support of these two main bodies, four subsidiary bodies will convene: the fourth session of the Ad Hoc Working Group on Long-term Cooperative Action under the Convention (AWG-LCA 4); the resumed sixth session of the Ad HocWorking
Group on Further Commitments for Annex I Parties under the Kyoto
Protocol (AWG-KP 6); and the twenty-ninth sessions of the Subsidiary
Body for Implementation (SBI 29) and Subsidiary Body for Scientific and
Technological Advice (SBSTA 29). A joint COP and COP/MOP high-level
segment with government ministers and other senior officials will also
take place from 11-12 December.

Delegates
will deliberate on a wide range of topics and agenda items. However,
the primary focus will be on the post-2012 period, when the Kyoto
Protocol’s first commitment period expires. The negotiations in Poznań
are the halfway mark towards the December 2009 deadline for agreeing on
a framework for enhanced long-term global action against climate
change.

A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE UNFCCC AND KYOTO PROTOCOL

The
international political response to climate change began with the
adoption of the UNFCCC in 1992. The UNFCCC sets out a framework for
action aimed at stabilizing atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse
gases to avoid “dangerous anthropogenic interference